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Óðinn

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Odin
220px-Georg von Rosen - Oden som vandringsman, 1886 (Odin, the Wanderer)
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General Info
Title(s) Allfather, God of War and Wisdom
Consort Frigg
Parents Borr and Bestla
Sibling(s) Vili, Ve
Children Thor, Balder, Hodr, Vidar, Vali, Bragi, Tyr, more...


Óðinn

Óðinn, anglicised as Odin or Woden is the chief ruler of the gods and leader of the Æsir (the main pantheon of deities) in Norse mythology.[1] He is a god associated with war, wisdom, sovereignty, magic, shamanism, poetry, and the dead. Odin is compared to Mercury by Tacitus.

Etymology

His name came from Old Norse "Óðinn", Old English "Wôden", Old Saxon "Wôdan", Old High German "Wôtan" which all came from Proto-Germanic "*Wōđanaz" which means "Master of Ecstacy". His name is also related to "Óðr" which means "Divine Madness", "frantic", "furious", "vehement", "eager", as a noun "mind, feeling" and also "song, poetry"; Orchard (1997) gives "the frenzied one."

Names

Name (Old Norse) Name (Anglicised) Meaning
Aldaföðr Aldafodr Father of men
Aldagautr - Gautr of men
Alföðr Alfodr/Allfather Father of all
Algingautr - The aged Gautr
Angan Friggjar - Delight of Frigga
Arnhöfði Arnhofdi Eagle head
Atriðr Atridr Attacking rider
Asagrim - Lord of the Aesir
Auðun Audun Friend of wealth
Bági ulfs - Enemy of the wolf
Baldrsfaðr Baldrsfadr Baldr's father
Báleygr - Flaming eye
Biflindi - Spear shaker/Shield shaker
Bileygr - Flashing eye
Blindr - Blind
Brúni - Brown/Bear
Böðgæðir Bodgaedir Battle enhancer
Bölverkr Bolverkr Bale-worker/Evil-worker
Bróðir Vilis Brodir Vilis Vili's brother
Burr Bors - Borr's son
Darraðr Darradr Spearman
Draugadróttinn - Lord of the undead
Ennibrattr - High forehead/Straight forehead
Eylúðr - The ever-booming
Faðmbyggvir Friggjar Fadmbyggvir Friggjar Dweller in Frigg's embrace
Faðr galdr Fadr galdr Father of magical songs
Farmagnuðr Farmagnudr Journey enhancer
Farmaguð Farmagud God of cargo
Farmr arma Gunnlaðar Farmr arma Gunnladr Burden of Gunnlöð's arms
Fengr - Fetcher
Fimbultýr - Mighty god
Fimbulþulr Fimbulthuler Mighty thuler
Fjallgeiguðr Fjallgeigudr Shap-shifting god
Fjölnir Fjolnir Wise one
Fjölsviðr Fjolsvidr Very wise
Foldardróttinn Foldardrottinn Lord of the Earth
Forni - Ancient one
Fráríðr Frarifdr One who rides forth
Frumverr Friggjar - First husband of Frigg
Galdraföðr Galdrafodr Father of magical songs
Gangari/Ganglari - Wanderer/Wayweary one
Gapþrosnir Gapthrosnir The one in the gaping frenzy
Gautatýr - God of the Geats
Geirlöðnir - Spear inviter
Geirölnir - Spear charger
Geirtýr - Spear god
Geirvaldr - Spear master
Gestumblindi - Blind guest
Glapsviðr Glapsvidr Swift trickery/Swift in deceit/Maddener/Wise in magical spells
Goði hrafnblóts Godi hrafnblots Goði of raven offerings
Goðjaðarr Godjadarr God protector
Göllnir/Göllungr - Yeller
Göndlir - Wand-bearer
Gramr Hliðskjálfar Gramr Hlidskjalfar King of the Hliðskjálf
Grímnir - Hooded one
Gunnblindi - Battle blinder
Hagvirkr - Skillful worker
Hangadróttinn - Lord of the hanged
Hangatýr - God of the hanged

Background

According to the fourth verse of the poem Voluspa on the Poetic Edda, Borr is the father of Odin, his mother being Bestla. Odin also has two brothers, Vili and Ve.

He is depicted as tall, old, and wise. He has a long white beard, and he broods deeply over the mysteries of life and death.[2] He sacrificed his eye in his youth to drink the magic mead from the Well of Mimir.[3] Odin is said to summon kings and heroes who die in battle to Valhalla, where they spent their time feasting and fighting, ready to defend Asgard in the event of attack.[4] Odin teaches that there must be self-sacrifice so that wisdom and power may be obtained.[5]

Odin is killed by the wolf Fenrir at the end of the world. His son Vidar rips the wolf apart, avenging his father's death.

Odin was portrayed by Anthony Hopkins on the 2011's Marvel Entertainment's feature film Thor.[6]

Equipment

Gungnir

In Old Norse, it means "the swaying one." It is the lance of the god Odin. It is made of Yggdrasil's sacred ash and Odin wrote his magic runes on its tip. According to Prose Edda, it was created by the Dvergr known as the Sons of Ivaldi under supervision of the master blacksmith dvergr Dvalin. It is described as a lance that is so well balanced that it never misses and will always strike its target when thrown, regardless of the skill and strength of the wielder.

Crossbow

It was also said that Odin had a crossbow that could fire ten arrows at once, each hitting separate targets.

Draupnir

From Old Norse which means "The Dripper," it is a gold ring worn by Odin. It has the ability to multiply itself by letting eight new rings 'drip' from it every ninth night, each one of the same size and weight as the original. It was forged by the dvergr brothers Brokkr and Eitri.

Sleipnir

From Old Norse which means "The Slipper," it is a grey eight-legged horse owned by the god Odin. It is identified as the best of all horses. It was given to him by Loki.

Huginn and Munnin

Huginn came from Old Norse which means "Thought", while Munnin means "Memory" or "Mind." They are a pair of ravens that fly all around the world to bring information back to Odin.

Hliðskjálf

It is the high seat or throne of Odin which allows him to see through all realms.

In Popular Culture

Portrayal

In Video Games

Family

Æsir Genealogy in Norse mythology Names in Bold are Giants/Giantesses Names in Italics are Vanir Rindr was a human princess
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bölþorn
 
 
 
 
Búri
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fjörgynn
 
Mímir
 
 
 
Bestla
 
Borr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vanir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frigg
 
 
 
 
 
 
Óðinn
 
Vili
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nanna
 
Baldr
 
Höðr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forseti
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
With Jörð
 
 
 
 
 
With Gríðr
 
 
With Unknown mothers
 
With Rindr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sif
 
Þórr
 
Járnsaxa
 
Víðarr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Váli
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Þrúðr
 
Móði
 
Magni
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iðunn
 
 
 
Bragi
 
Hermóðr
 
Týr
 
Hœnir
 
Nepr
 
Nep
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Baldr
 
Nanna
 
Jotun Genealogy in Norse mythology Names in Bold are Vanir Names in Italics are Æsir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ymir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Þrúðgelmir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bergelmir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bölþorn
 
Naglfari
 
 
Nörvi
 
Delling
 
 
 
Aurgelmir
 
 
 
Fornjót
 
Ölvaldi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mímir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iði
 
Gangr
 
Þjazi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bestla
 
Borr
 
 
 
 
Nótt
 
 
 
 
 
Dagr
 
Fárbauti
 
Laufey
 
Kári
 
Logi
 
Rán
 
Ægir
 
Gymir
 
Aurboða
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nerthus
 
Njörðr
 
Skaði
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vili
 
 
 
 
Auðr
 
 
 
 
 
 
Annar
 
Helblindi
 
Býleistr
 
 
 
 
 
Glöð
 
 
Eisa and Eimirya
 
Nine Maidens
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gerðr
 
Freyr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sigyn
 
 
 
 
 
Loki
 
 
 
 
Angrboða
 
Heimdall
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Óðinn
 
Jörð
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narfi
 
Vali
 
 
 
 
Jörmungandr
 
Hel
 
Fenrir
 
Hyrrokkin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Þórr
 
Sif
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Svaðilfari
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sleipnir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sköll
 
Hati
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Æsir
 
 
 
 
 
Frigg
Vanir Genealogy in Norse mythology Names in Bold are Giants/Giantesses Names in Italics are Æsir Frigga was mother to Baldr and Hodr by Óðinn Sif was mother to Magni, Modi and Thrud by Thor
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fjörgynn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nótt
 
Delling
 
Njörðr
 
Nerthus
 
Mandilfari
 
Hretha
 
Frigg
 
Óðinn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dagr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Freya
 
Óðr
 
Skírnir
 
Svalingr
 
Sinthgunt
 
 
 
Wayland
 
Sunna
 
Thor
 
Sif
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gerðr
 
Freyr
 
 
Gersemi
 
Hnoss
 
 
 
 
 
Sjöfn
 
Snotra
 
Lofn
 
Sigyn
 
Loki
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ullr
 
Skadi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vali
 
 
 
 
Narfi

See Also

External Links

http://norse-mythology.org/gods-and-creatures/the-aesir-gods-and-goddesses/odin/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odin

Notes

  1. (Mackenzie 1912, p. 21)
  2. (Mackenzie 1912, p. 21)
  3. (Mackenzie 1912, p. 21)
  4. (Willis 1996, p. 196)
  5. (Mackenzie 1912, p. 22)
  6. (Thor, 2011 film)

References

  • World Mythology by Roy Willis
  • TEUTONIC MYTH AND LEGEND by Donald A. Mackenzie




Norse mythology articles
Major Deities Odin | Thor | Freyr | Freya | Frigg | Loki | Balder | Tyr | Njord
Races Æsir | Vanir | Jotnar | Elves | Dwarves | Valkyries | Einherjar | Norns
Worlds Asgard | Álfheimr | Midgard | Jötunheimr | Vanaheimr | Muspelheim | Niflheim | Svartálfaheim | Helheim
Locations Bifröst | Utgard | Valhalla | Fólkvangr
Topics Yggdrasil | Ginnungagap | Ragnarök | Poetic Edda | Prose Edda | The Sagas

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