Thor by Abrar Ajmal
|Title(s)||God of Thunder|
|Parents||Odin and Jord|
|Sibling(s)||Balder, Hodr, Hermod, Vidar, Bragi|
|Children||Magni, Modi, Thrud|
This article is about the Norse deity, for other uses see Thor (disambiguation).
Þórr, anglicised as Thor, also known as Thunor or Donner , is the red-haired and bearded god of thunder in Norse mythology and more generally Germanic mythology. He is the son of Odin and Jord, and the grandson of Borr. During Ragnarök, Thor will kill and in turn be killed by Jörmungandr. Thor features strongly in the Prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson, in which Thor's many conflicts with the race of giants are a main source of plots. Thor is one of the most powerful Norse gods. He uses his superior power to protect Asgard and Midgard. He is also known as the God of Thunder. Thor is often depicted wielding his powerful hammer, known as the Mjölnir. Other times he is depicted wielding the hammer and other two items which are: the iron gloves known as Járngreipr and the magic belt Megingjörð. Several Finno-Ugric peoples have thunder gods with names similar to Thor: Tiermes, Tordöm or Torum ("the golden light", Finno-Ugric). Some, like Estonian Taara even retain the connection with Thursday.
Main article: JörmungandrIt is said and prophesed, that Thor will confront the world serpent Jörmungandr at Ragnarök, and that he will slay the creature, but not before the creature also causes him to perish.
Records and AccountsEdit
In the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from traditional source material reaching from the pagan period to later times, most of his accounts in the Poetic Edda been included in the Codex Regius, Thor appears and is mentioned in the poems Völuspá, Grímnismál, Skírnismál, Hárbarðsljóð, Hymiskviða, Lokasenna, Þrymskviða, Alvíssmál, and Hyndluljóð.
Hárbarðsljóð: In this poem, the ferryman Harbard (Greybeard) competes with Thor, on a verbal contest with one other. The ferryman Hárbarðr (Greybeard) is rude and obnoxious towards Thor who is returning to Asgard after a journey in Jötunheimr. Competition which Thor ends loosing.
Scholars have theorized on Thor's role in Germanic religion, his origins and purpose. Scholar H'ilda Ellis Davidson summarizes that:
The cult of Thor was linked up with men's habitation and possessions, and with well-being of the family and community. This included the fruitfulness of the fields, and Thor, although pictured primarily as a storm god in the myths, was also concerned with the fertility and preservation of the seasonal round. In our own times, little stone axes from the distance past have been used as fertility symbols and placed by the farmer in the holes made by the drill to receive the first seed of spring. Thor's marriage with Sif of the golden hair, about which we hear little in the myths, seems to be a memory of the ancient symbol of divine marriage between sky god and earth goddess, when he comes to earth in the thunderstorm and the storm brings the rain which makes the fields fertile. In this way Thor, as well as Odin, may be seen to continue the cult of the sky god wh'ich was known in the Bronze Age.
EquipmentEditMjölnir that can cast lightning, and only those with the greatest strength could pick it up. It has the ability to level mountains and has been used many times by Thor to kill Jotunn.
The Jarngreipr are depicted as iron gloves or gauntlets used by Thor.
Megingjord was a magical belt that increased Thor's already godly physical strength.
Lay of TrymEdit
The Lay of Trym (original name is þrymskviða) from the Poetic Edda features Thor. It reads as follows:
- Unsourced accounts state the Mjölnir was only able to be lifted by Thor, strong enough beings or beings who are worthy of the hammer, though it is not specified in what aspects a being needs to be worthy to lift or wield the hammer.
- ↑ Davidson (1975:72).
|Gods and goddesses of Norse mythology|
|Æsir||Baldr • Borr • Bragi • Búri • Forseti • Heimdall • Hermóðr • Höðr • Hœnir • Magni • Mani • Modi • Óðinn • Þórr • Týr • Váli • Vé • Víðarr • Vili|
|Asynjur||Bil • Eir • Frigg • Fulla • Gefjun • Hlín • Iðunn • Lofn • Nanna • Sága • Sjöfn • Snotra • Sól • Syn • Þrúðr • Vár • Vör|
|Vanir||Dagr • Delling • Freyja • Freyr • Gersemi • Hnoss • Nerthus • Njörðr • Óðr • Sif • Sigyn • Ullr •|
|Jotnarr||Ægir • Angrboða • Býleistr • Fárbauti • Fornjót • Hel • Helblindi • Jörð • Laufey • Loki • Mímir • Rán • Skaði • Surtr • Útgarða-Loki • Ymir|
|Others||Einherjar • Norns • Valkyries|
|Abodes||Asgard • Breidablik • Fólkvangr • Jötunheimr • Muspelheim • Þrúðheimr • Valhalla • Vanaheimr • Yggdrasil|
|Topics||Æsir-Vanir War • Ragnarök|
|Norse mythology articles|
|Major Deities||Odin | Thor | Freyr | Freya | Frigg | Loki | Balder | Tyr | Njord|
|Races||Æsir | Vanir | Jotnar | Elves | Dwarves | Valkyries | Einherjar | Norns|
|Worlds||Asgard | Álfheimr | Midgard | Jötunheimr | Vanaheimr | Muspelheim | Niflheim | Svartálfaheim | Helheim|
|Locations||Bifröst | Utgard | Valhalla | Fólkvangr|
|Topics||Yggdrasil | Ginnungagap | Ragnarök | Poetic Edda | Prose Edda | The Sagas|