Abaddon (Apollyon) is a demon known as the Angel of Death, Destruction, and the Netherworld.
Excerpts from the Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology:
The name Abaddon is derived from the Hebrew term for “to destroy” and means “place of destruction.” Apollyon is the Greek name.
In magic, Abaddon is often equated with Satan and Samael. His name is evoked in conjuring spells for malicious deeds. Abaddon is the prince who rules the seventh hierarchy of demons, the Erinyes, or Furies, who govern powers of evil, discord, war, and devastation. Originally, Abaddon was a place and not an angel or being. In rabbinic writings and the Old Testament, Abaddon is primarily a place of destruction and a name for one of the regions of Gehenna.
Acording to the Hebrew Bible Abaddon was the name of the King of the Locust-People / Plague according to Revelations 9 line 7 though 21.
7 The Locusts looked like horses ready for battle. On their heads were what seemed to be gold crowns Their faces were like Human faces. 8 Their hair was like a women's hair, and their teeth were like a Lions' teeth. 9 In front they had what seemed to be iron armor upon their chest, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of many chariots and horses racing into battle. 10 They also have tails with stingers, just like scorpions: and in their tails is there power to hurt people for five months. 11 Their king is beast like them from the abyss, whose Hebrew name is Abaddon and whose Greek name is Apollyon. 12 The first horror has passed. Look! Two horrors are still coming after this. 13 Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and i (John the apostle) heard a voice from the four horns of the gold altar that is before God. 14 Then the four horns said to the sixth Angel, who had the trumpet, "Release the four Angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates" (the 4 Angels were Archangels the ideological opposite of fallen angels they were the angels known as Michael ,Raphael ,Gabriel and Samuel) (Also known as four hoursemen of the Apocalypse) 15 Then the four angels who had been made ready for that hour, day month, and year were released to kill a third of Humankind.
(this indicates that gods plan to have the Archangels released was costly for humanity considering that a third of humanity died from this cosmic conflict. This idea of Locust insectoid people from a abyss with a leader being a King or a President known as Abaddon sound like some kinda space battle, so Revelations 9 is probably like 100 or more years from now when Humans are colonizing the stars, and finding strange peoples to fight over the stars there trying to colonize with the sphere of influence of the Humans and the Locusts could not get along so they battled and in the war a third of humanity died.)
16 The Number of cavalry troops was two hundred million. I heard their number. 17 And this is the way i saw the horses and their riders in the vision: they had breastplates that were fiery red, dark blue , and yellow as sulfur. The Angels horses' heads were like lions' heads, and out of their mouths came fire, smoke and sulfur. 18 By these three plagues a third of humankind was killed: by the fire, smoke and sulfur coming out of there war horses mouths. (while the Angels war horses attacked with there heads the Locusts war horses attacked with there mouths and their tails) , 19 The Locusts Horses power is in their mouths and their tails, for their tails are like snakes with heads (stingers) that inflict injuries. 20 The rest of humankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not change their hearts and lives and turn from their handiwork. They did not stop worshiping demons and idols made of gold, silver ,bronze , stone ,and wood - idols that can't see or hear or walk 21 They did not turn away from their murders, their spells and drugs or even their sexual immorality, or their stealing. (so life went on as usual with people living a advanced technological civilization and not beiliving in God and so more plaugues and beasts and wraith of god were eventually going to come to kill more humans centuries later.)
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References and Further Reading
- van der Toorn, Karel, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst, eds. Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999