Fandom

Mythology Wiki

Centaur

1,325pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Comments2 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Centaur
Centaur1
'
General Info
Mythology Greek mythology


The Centaurs (also known as Ixionidae) are a race of creatures that are part human and part horse. Their first appearance comes from early Greek archaeological finds in which Attic vase-paintings depicted the centaurs as the torso of a human joined at the waist to the horse's withers, where the horse's neck would be.

The centaurs were spawned by the cloud nymph Nephele, who was raped by the impious Lapith, King Ixion, which is the cause of the Centaurs' hatred for the Lapiths.

They inhabited the mountains and forests of Magnesia. They lived in mountain caves, hunted wild animals for food and armed themselves with rocks, tree branches and later built weapons of their own.

12

In Mythology Edit

Centaurs are thought of in many Greek Myths as wild as untamed horses. Like the Titanomachy, the defeat of the Titans by the Olympian gods, the contests with the centaurs typify the struggle between civilization and barbarism.

Theseus vs the Centaurs

Theseus vs the Centaurs

The centaurs are best known for their fight with the Lapithae, caused by their attempt to carry off Hippodamia and the rest of the Lapith women, on the day of her marriage to Pirithous, king of the Lapithae, himself the son of Ixion. The strife among these cousins is a metaphor for the conflict between the lower appetites and civilized behavior in humankind. Theseus, a hero and founder of cities, who happened to be present, threw the balance in favor of the right order of things, and assisted Pirithous. The centaurs were driven off or destroyed. 
13
Another Lapith hero, Caeneus, who was invulnerable to weapons, was beaten into the earth by centaurs wielding rocks and the branches of trees. Their habitat is land like valleys, prairies, etc.
11

Other centaursEdit

One ancient writer also mentions a tribe of bull-horned Centaurs native to the island of Kypros.

Known CentaursEdit

Latin spelling Transliteration Greek name Description
Asbolus Asbolos Ασβολος Asbolus (English translation: "sooty" or according to Dieter Koch, "carbon dust") was a diviner who read omens in the flight of birds.
Chariclo Was the wife of the Centaur Chiron.
Chiron He was the eldest and wisest of the Centaurs and also the ancient Trainer of Heroes.
Eurytion Eurytiôn Ευρυτιων Eurytion was the name of two centaurs.


  • The first Eurytion was from Arcadia. He demanded to marry the daughter of Dexamenus of Olenus, either Mnesimache or Deianira.
  • The second one, was from Thessaly. He attempted to carry off the bride of Peirithous, king of the Lapiths, on their wedding day. However he was stopped and later slayed by Theseus and the army of king Peirithous.
Amycus (Greek: Ἄμυκος) was the son of Ophion and attended Pirithous's wedding. He fought against Theseus and the Lapiths. He was killed by Pelates. The minor planet 55576 Amycus is named after this centaur.
Bienor Biênôr Βιηνωρ Another of the centaurs that assisted Peirithous wedding. He was killed by Theseus.[1]
Centaurus The father of the centaur race and friend of the Argonauts. The constellation Centaurus is named after this centaur.
Cyllarus Kyllaros Κυλλαρος Translation: Crooked-, Bandy-

Legged (kyllos) . He was one of the centaurs to assist the wedding of king Perithious. He aided his fellow centaurs in the battle against the lapiths. He was severly wounded by a spear, subsequently dying in his wife's arms.

Hylonome Hylonomê Ὑλονομη Translation: Woodland Pasture

(hylê, nomos). Female centaur and the wife of Cyllarus. She took her life after Cyllarus died to join him in the afterlife.

Rhaecus He and Hylaeus tried to rape Atalanta. He was also killed by Meleager.
Dictys Diktys Δικτυς (Translated to Of the Hunting Net (diktyon) ). He was one of the centaurs to assist Pirithous' wedding. He aided his fellow centaurs in the battle against the Lapiths. He escaped from Pirithous grasp, but slipped and fell off a cliff impaling himself on the top of an ash tree, causing his own death.[2]
Ichthyocentaurs Pair of Centaur-related sea gods. They were half-brothers of Chiron and sons of Poseidon and Amphitrite.
Kentaurides Female members of the Centaur tribe Kentauroi.
Nessus Nessos Νεσσος (Translated to Duck ? (nêssa)), he was a Centaur that fought in the battle against the Lapiths and survived.
Perimedes Perimêdês Περιμηδης A son of Peuceus, who attended Pirithous's wedding and fought against the Lapiths.[3]
Pholus Wise centaur and friend of Heracles.
Eurytus Eurytos Ευρυτος Name for any of the two centaurs known as Eurytion.
Hylaeus

He and Rhaecus tried to rape Atalanta. He was killed by Meleager.

Petraeus Petraios Πετραιος
Arctus Arktos Αρκτος
Ureus Oureios Ουρειος
Mimas Mimas Μιμας
Peuceus Peukeus Πευκευς
Dryalus Dryalos Δρυαλος
Amycus Amykos Αμυκος
Gyrneus Gyrneus Γυρνευς (Possibly meaning Run-in-Circles (gyreuô))
Rhoetus Rhoitos Ροιτος (Translation: Pomegranate-Wine? (rhoitês))
Orneus
Lycabas
Medon
Thaumas
Pisenor
Melaneus
Phobas
Abas
Astylus
Lycidas
Areus
Imbreus
Eurynomus
Crenaeus
Aphidas
Lycas
Chromis
Helops
Aphareus
Nedymnus
Lycopes
Hippasus
Ripheus
Thereus
Demeleon
Phlegraeus
Hyles
Iphinous
Clanis
Dolyas
Phaeocomes
Teleboas
Chthonius
Pyretus
Echeclus
Erigdupus
Antimachus
Pyraemon
Bromus
Elymus
Styphelus
Latreus
Monychus

In Popular Culture Edit

Media and LiteratureEdit

Centaur 1

Glenstorm from The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian movie.

Centaurs frequently appear in fantasy novels, movies, and video games. Notable appearances include:

  • Heroes of Might and Magic (video game series)
  • The Chronicles of Narnia (book and movie series)
  • World of Warcraft (video game)
  • Harry Potter (book and film series)
  • God of War (video game series)
  • My Little Pony Friendship is Magic (TV series)
  • American Dragon Jake Long (TV series)

Centaurs, amongst other mythic creatures, appear as charges in heraldry.

Video gamesEdit

  • The Centaurs appear in the side-scroling video game The Battle of Olympus.

Related articlesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 12. 345
  2. Ovid. Metamorphoses, 12.327.
  3. Shield of Heracles, 186

External linksEdit

GalleryEdit


Also on Fandom

Random Wiki