This article is about Egyptian mythology, for Egyptians in Greek mythology, see Egyptians

Egyptian mythology is the collection of ancient Egypt's mythological origins and religion as well as ancient Egyptian view of the world.

The origin of Egyptian mythology is difficult to trace. Egyptologists must make educated guesses about its earliest phases, based on written sources that appeared much later.[1] The cosmology and creation myths of Egyptian mythology are diverse and vary depending on location. Many towns and provinces (nomes) also have patron gods and local deities.

Other cultures imported Egyptian supernatural creatures into their myths, such as the Sphinx which was imported into Greek mythology. Greek names were also applied to Egyptian gods, resulting in Asar-Hap becoming Serapis. Egyptian deities were also exported to Rome after its annexation, with Isis, amongst others, worshipped there.

Ra, Sun god

Egyptian Pantheon


Heka. god of magic

Some major Egyptian Gods include


Bas relief showing Horus, Horus and other gods


Egyptian const

Depiction of the Egyptian constellations.

The Egyptian word maat refers to the fundamental order of the universe in Egyptian belief. Maat was established at the creation of the world, distinguishing the world from the chaos that preceded and surrounds it. Maat encompasses both the proper behavior of humans and the normal functioning of the forces of nature, both of which make life and happiness possible. Because the actions of the gods govern natural forces and myths express those actions, Egyptian mythology represents the proper functioning of the world and the sustenance of life itself.[2] To Egyptians, the most important maintainer of the Maat (order or balance) is the pharaoh. In myth the pharaohs are sons of a variety of deities, usually Horus, therefore they are the designated subject to occupy such position.



Most of ancient Egypt's history is told through the use of significant symbols, which often depicted artifacts, people or animals.

Symbol Transliteration Meaning
Adore Adoration (dua) "Adore"



  1. Anthes in Kramer 1961, pp. 29–30
  2. Tobin 1989, pp. 79–82, 197–199

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