In Greek mythology, Eos was the goddess of Dawn. She appears in the Theogony of Hesiod as the daughter of two Titans - Hyperion and Theia. Eos is therefore also the sister of Selene (the Moon) and Helios (the Sun). Hesiod recognizes the eternal significance of these gods in his poem:
- "Theia yielded to Hyperion's love and gave birth
- to great Helios and bright Selene and Eos,
- who brings light to all the mortals of this earth
- and to the immortal gods who rule the wide sky."
In Mythology Edit
Eos also plays a role in the epics of Homer. The Greek poet frequently mentions this beautiful goddess in the Iliad and the Odyssey, referring to her as "rosy-fingered", "early-rising", and "saffron-robed". The team of horses that pull her chariot across the sky are named in the Odyssey as Lampos and Phaethon (translated as Firebright and Daybright).
There are a number of mythical stories about the affairs of Eos. Some scholars have attributed her strange fascination with mortal men to an unfortunate incident - apparently, the goddess of the Dawn had a fling with Ares. Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty, was no doubt angry that her lover had been involved with Eos, so she punished the dawn-goddess by making her fall for a series of mortals; Tithonus, Cephalus, and Orion are some of the fatal attractions of Eos.
Children often came from these romantic liaisons. Eos was the mother of several notable offspring, including the Winds ([Zephyrus], Boreas, and Notus) and the Morning Star (Eosphoros) all of whom she bore to the Titan Astraeus; and Memnon, her son by Tithonus.
See Also Edit
External Links Edit
- ↑ (Hesiod, Theogony, 371-74)