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220px-8646 - St Petersburg - Hermitage - Jupiter2

Jupiter and his eagle symbol, later associated with the Roman state

Jupiter, alternatively Jove, is the head of the Roman pantheon. He is the son of Saturn and grandson of Uranus. His siblings are Vesta, Neptune, Ceres, Pluto and Juno, who is also his wife. He is the father of many entities, including Apollo, Diana, Minerva, Vulcan, Venus, Bacchus and Mars, who number among the Olympians, as well as several other mortals, demigods and deities.
Jupiter by Cassini-Huygens

The planet Jupiter

He is the Roman adaptation of the Greek god Zeus and, like Zeus, is a sky deity. Jupiter lends his name to the largest of the planets in our Solar System.


The name Jupiter is derived from the Greek Zeus Pater (Father Zeus), via the Etruscan Diespater. As such, the name is cognate with Zeus, Diana, his own daughter, and the vedic sky god Dyaus.


Roman deities
Major deities
Apollo | Bacchus | Diana | Ceres | Cupid | Faunus | Fortuna | Juno | Jupiter | Lares | Mars | Mercury | Minerva | Neptune | Pluto | Proserpina | Quirinus | Vejovis | Venus | Vestia | Vulcan
Other deities/articles
Dei Lucrii | Eventus Bonus | Furina | Portunes
Mystery religions | Osirus | Isis | Cybele | Attis | Mithras | Sol Invictus

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