Marzanna (in Polish) or Morena (in Czech, Slovak, Russian) or also Mara, Maržena, Morana, Moréna, Mora or Marmora is a Slavic goddess associated with seasonal agrarian rites based on the idea of death and rebirth of nature. She is associated with death and winter and often described as the goddess of death. Marzanna can be compared to the Greek Goddess Hecate or the Roman Goddess Ceres.
CultureIn some Slavic countries the end of winter is still being celebrated by throwing an effigy of Morana to the river on first spring day in March. The tradition of burning or drowning an effigy of Marzanna to celebrate the end of winter is a folk custom that survives in the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. Typically taking place on the day of the vernal equinox (20–21 March), the rite involves setting fire to a female straw effigy, drowning it in a river, or both.