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Melampus

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Melampus was a soothsayer and healer from Pylos in Messenia. He eventually ruled part of the Kingdom of Argos. He was the son of Amythaon and Idomene and grandson of Cretheus and Tyro. His brother was Bias.

Division of ArgosEdit

In order to reward Melampus, King Anaxagoras divided Argos into three parts. He retained one, gave one to Melampus and one to Bias.

In one version, Melampus cured Alector of an illness placed upon the boy by a hamadryad, who had been injured by Anaxagoras' knife when it was tossed aside during a sacrifice (because Alector was frightened of the blade). Melampus demanded two thirds of Argos, one for himself and one for Bias.

In another version, Dionysus had driven the Argive women mad. Melampus came to Anaxagoras with a proposition; he could cure the women in exchange for a third of Argos. The king refused but, as the women became madder and more dangerous, he relented. However, Melampus increased his price to two thirds. Melampus held up his side of the agreement by curing the women at a sanctuary of Artemis, and Anaxagoras gave up two thirds of Argos for Melampus and Bias.

Melampus was succeeded by his son Antiphates. His descendants continued to rule their portion of Argos until the death of Melampus' great-great-grandson Amphilochus, upon which the share reverted to Anaxagoras' descendant (Sthenelius).

FamilyEdit

Amythaonid Genealogy in Greek mythology
 
 
 
Aeolids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salmoneus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cretheus
 
 
 
Tyro
 
 
 
Poseidon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salmonids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cretheids
 
Amythaon
 
Idomene
 
 
 
 
Neleus of Pylos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Melampus
 
Harpina
 
 
Bias
 
Pero
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antiphates
 
Zeuxippe
 
 
Talaus
 
Lysianassa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Telphousa
 
Oecles
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amphiarus
 
Eriphyle
 
 
Adrastus
 
Amphithea
 
 
 
Astydamia
 
Hipponous
 
Mecisteus
 
Diomede
 
Metidice
 
Mnesimachus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amphilochus
 
Alcmaeon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Euryalus
 
 
Caliadne
 
Hippomedon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aegialeus
 
Comothoe
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oeneus of Aetolia
 
Periboea
 
 
Capaneus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polydorus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cyanippus
 
 
 
 
 
Deipyle
 
Tydeus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diomedes
Preceded by:
Anaxagoras (King of united Argos)
King of Argos (Melampid branch)
Mythic
Succeeded by
Antiphates

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