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This page documents all the no longer featured articles that have been featured on the main page. To vote for next month's featured article, click here.

Prior to 2011

Mars

MarsonAemilianuscoinAD253

The Roman deity Mars pictured, at right, on the coin of Roman Emperor Aemilianus, in AD 253.

Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and either Jupiter or a magical flower. As the word Mars has no Indo-European derivation, it is most likely the Latinized form of the agricultural Etruscan god Maris. Initially the Roman god of fertility and vegetation and a protector of cattle, fields and boundaries, Mars later became associated with battle and identified with the Greek god Ares. He was also a tutelary god of Rome, and as the legendary father of its founder, Romulus, it was believed that all Romans were descended of Mars.

Thor

ThorDonner

Donner (Thor) calls upon the storm clouds in this illustration by Arthur Rackham to Wagner's Das Rheingold.

Thor is the red-haired and bearded god of thunder in Norse mythology and more generally Germanic mythology. He is the son of Odin and Jord. During Ragnarök, Thor will kill and be killed by Jörmungandr.

Thor features strongly in the Prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson, in which Thor's many conflicts with the race of giants are a main source of plots. Thor is one of the most powerful Norse gods. He uses his superior power to protect Asgard and Midgard. He is also known as the God of Thunder. Several Finno-Ugric peoples have thunder gods with names similar to Thor: Tiermes, Tordöm or Torum ("the golden light", Finno-Ugric). Some, like Estonian Taara even retain the connection with Thursday.

2011

Zeus (January 2012)

Bust of Zeus

Zeus (Ancient Greek: Ζεύς; Modern Greek: Δίας), known as Jupiter in Roman mythology, was the God of the Sky and King of the Gods in Greek mythology. He is the last and youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, and fulfilled the oracle's prediction by overthrowing Cronus. Zeus is able to turn into animals, usually an eagle. However, he has been known to turn into a phallic object, to fit his ego the size of Atlas.

Zeus has had many infidelities with gods and mortals, other than Hera. This has spawned him many children.

Apollo (February 2012)

Apollo

Apollo is the only Greek god to have the same name as his Roman counterpart. Apollo is the god of music (principally the lyre, and he directed the choir of the Muses) and also of prophecy, colonization, medicine,the sun, archery (but not for war or hunting), poetry, dance, intellectual inquiry and the protector of herds and flocks. He is also a god of light, known as "Phoebus" (radiant or beaming, and he was sometimes identified with Helios the sun god).

The son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. He was also the god of plague and was worshiped as Smintheus (from sminthos, rat) and as Parnopius (from parnops, grasshopper) and was known as the destroyer of rats and locust, and according to Homer's Iliad, Apollo shot arrows of plague into the Greek camp. Apollo being the god of religious healing would give those guilty of murder and other immoral deeds a ritual purification. Sacred to Apollo are the swan (one legend says that Apollo flew on the back of a swan to the land of the Hyperboreans, he would spend the winter months among them), the wolf and the dolphin. His attributes are the bow and arrows, on his head a laurel crown, and the cithara (or lyre) and plectrum. But his most famous attribute is the tripod, the symbol of his prophetic powers.

Pegasus (June 2012)

Pegasus

Pegasus was a mythological horse from Greek mythology. It was supposedly a dazzling white horse with two great feathery wings sprouting from its back. It was said to be the son of Poseidon and Medusa.

After the hero Perseus slayed the gorgon Medusa, the blood that flowed from her neck spread over the ground and from it formed grassy fields and gushing rivers; beautiful trees and singing birds also came, and finally, the Pegasus. The greeks say that Pesasus flew from the isle afterwards towards the mountain Helicon, where he was watched over by the Muses. (An alternation of the story is similar as it states Pegasus was formed when the blood of Medusa met the sea foam, thus meaning that Medusa was the mother and Poseidon the father.)

Trojan War (December 2013)

760px-J G Trautmann Das brennende Troja

The Trojan War was a 10-year long war fought at Troy between Mycenae and her allies (notably Sparta, Athens, Pylos, Thebes, etc), against Troy and her allies (notably Dardania, Lycia, Aethiopia, Amazonia, Thrace). The war consisted mainly of the siege of the city of Troy, as well as sallies made by the defenders and Greek forays into neighbouring regions allied with the Anatolian city. The Trojan War ended with the trick retreat of the Greek forces, with a small number remaining in a wooden horse. The Trojans rolled the horse into the city believing it was a peace offering and a gift to the Gods. When night fell, the Greek men got out of the horse and opened the city gates, enabling the returning Greek armies to breach the city and ransack it.

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