Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. Norse mythology is the best-preserved version of the older common Germanic paganism, which also includes the closely related Anglo-Saxon mythology. Germanic mythology, in its turn, developed from an earlier Indo-European mythology.
Norse mythology is a collection of beliefs and stories shared by Northern Germanic tribes. It had no one set of doctrinal beliefs. The mythology was orally transmitted in the form of poetry and our knowledge about it is mainly based on the Eddas and other medieval texts written down during and after Christianization.
Some aspects of Norse mythology passed into Scandinavian folklore and have survived to modern day times. Others have recently been reinvented or reconstructed as Germanic neopaganism. The mythology also remains as an inspiration in literature (see Norse mythological influences on later literature) as well as on stage productions and movies. The Norse mythology is a subset or root of the wide Germanic mythology.
Norse mythology has numerous divine figures among it's accounts, with Odin, Thor and Loki been the most prominent, and also most used Norse gods in popular culture, such as comic books, television and film. Among the many Norse gods and goddesses there are:
Family Tree of the Main Deities
Main article: Items in Norse mythology
The triquetra is a knot-like formation with three ends, commonly shown interlaced around a circle. The symbol is also known as the symbol of charm, and is used in the depiction of several norse and scandinavian items such as the Mjölnir. The Triquetra was heavily used by Norse pagans, as they used articles like pendants resembling the Mjolnir with a Triquetra symbol crafted on it.
The Mjölnir, also known as Mjolnir (or Mjollnir), prenounced "MYOL-neer", is a heavy mystic hammer forged by dwarf smiths known as Brokk and Eitri, which were the sons of Sindri. The hammer is wielded by the Norse god of thunder, Thor.
The valknut (coined from Old Norse valr, "slain warriors" and knut, "knot") is a symbol consisting of three interlocked triangles. Scholars have proposed a variety of explanations for the symbol, sometimes associating it with the god Odin, and it has been compared to the three-horned symbol found on the 9th-century Snoldelev Stone, with which it may be related.
The Nine Worlds
Main article: Norse cosmologyIn Norse mythology, the nine worlds also known as nine realms, are planets or massive city-like places located throughout the cosmos, connected by the world three known as Yggdrasil. The interdimensional rainbow-like path known as rainboraBifröst , bridges Asgard with other realms.
In Popular Culture
Main article: Norse mythology in popular culture
ComicsNorse mythology has been heavily used by Marvel Comic's as source material for various of their storylines in the Thor comic books. Not to forget, Marvel Comic's used Norse mythology's deities like Thor and Loki to create their own super heroic and villainous versions of the characters respectively.
A very popular comic series called "Valhalla" made by the Danish Peter Madsen detailed many of the stories and legends of the Norse Mythology.
Some bands are influenced by Norse Mythology and make music about it.
Richard Wagner's "Der Ring des Nibelungen" is greatly inspired by Norse Mythology.
Rick Riordan wrote about the norse gods in his book series Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard.
|Gods and goddesses of Norse mythology|
|Æsir||Baldr • Bragi • Dellingr • Forseti • Heimdallr • Hermóðr • Höðr • Hœnir • Ítreksjóð • Lóðurr • Magni • Meili • Móði • Odin • Thor • Týr • Váli • Vé • Víðarr • Vili|
|Asynjur||Bil • Eir • Frigg • Fulla • Gerðr • Gefjun • Gná • Hlín • Ilmr • Iðunn • Lofn • Nanna • Njörun • Rán • Sága • Sif • Sigyn • Sjöfn • Snotra • Sól • Syn • Þrúðr • Vár • Vör|
|Vanir||Dagr • Freyja • Freyr • Gersemi • Hnoss • Kvasir • Nerthus • Njörðr • Óðr • Skaði • Skírnir • Ullr|
|Jötunn||Ægir • Angrboða • Býleistr • Fárbauti • Fornjót • Hel • Helblindi • Jörð • Laufey • Loki • Mímir • Surtr • Útgarða-Loki • Ymir|
|Others||Bifröst • Borr • Búri • Einherjar • Elf • Máni • Norns • Valkyries|
|Realms||Álfheimr • Asgard • Jötunheimr • Midgard • Muspelheim • Niðavellir • Niflheim • Svartálfaheim • Vanaheimr|
|Abodes||Breidablik • Fólkvangr • Þrúðheimr • Utgard • Valhalla|
|Topics||Æsir-Vanir War • Ginnungagap • Poetic Edda • Prose Edda • Ragnarök • The Sagas • Yggdrasil|
|Norse mythology articles|
|Major Deities||Odin | Thor | Freyr | Freyja | Frigg | Loki | Baldr | Týr | Njörðr|
|Races||Æsir | Vanir | Jötunn | Elves | Dwarves | Valkyries | Einherjar | Norns|
|Realms||Álfheimr | Asgard | Jötunheimr | Midgard | Muspelheim | Niðavellir | Niflheim | Svartálfaheim | Vanaheimr|
|Abodes||Breidablik | Fólkvangr | Þrúðheimr | Utgard | Valhalla|
|Topics||Æsir-Vanir War | Ginnungagap | Poetic Edda | Prose Edda | Ragnarök | The Sagas | Yggdrasil|