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Palamedes

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Palamedes villacarlota

Palmedes, in the Villa Carlotta

Palamedes
could refer to either a person from Greek mythology, or in Arthurian legend.

Greek MythEdit

Palamedes was a Prince of Euboea and son of King Nauplius. Palamedes tricked Odysseus into going to war at Troy.

Palamedes was a suitor of Helen and invented the consonants of the Greek alphabet, coinage, jokes, measures and dice. He was one of those who swore to support Menelaus if someone abducted Helen, so was Odysseus, who wed Penelope (Helen's cousin). However, Odysseus knew if he went away to Troy he wouldn't return for 20 years, so he pretended to be insane, by ploughing his fields with salt.
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Palamedes before Agamemnon.

Palamedes saw through the ruse and placed Odysseus' infant son Telemachus before the plough. Odysseus manouvered around the baby, thus proving he was still sane. Odysseus remembered Palamedes' trick and took revenge at Troy by hiding gold in Palamedes' tent, and forging a letter from Priam. Odysseus then went to Agamemnon, claiming Palamedes was a traitor. Palamedes was tried for treason and was stoned to death during an unfair hearing.

King Nauplius heard of his son's fate and sailed for Troy immediately. He sought audience with Agamemnon, but when the King of Mycenae arrived, he refused Nauplius' case. King Nauplius then sailed back to Greece and, swearing vengeance, persuaded many war leaders' wives to be unfaithful, saying many of them had remarried or died. This inspired Clytaemnestra to commit adultery with Aegisthus, Medea with Leucos and Aegiale with Cometes. Also, he lit signal fires on the rocky coast of Euboea, luring many ships to a watery grave.


Arthurian Legend

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King Mark finds Palamedes

Palamedes was originally a Saracen knight, who was converted to Christianity. He loved Iseult, which made him enemies with Iseult's lover (but not her husband, King Mark of Ireland) Sir Tristan. He, along with Sirs Safir and Segwarides, was the son of Lord Eslabor of Babylon. When Sir Lancelot and Guinevere's affair was exposed, he and his brothers joined Lancelot in exile to France, where Sir Palamedes became Duke of Provence. He was killed by Sir Gawain, because he had killed King Mark, who had killed Sir Tristan (with Palamedes' spear).

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