Pan (Πάν) is the Greek God of Nature, forests, woodlands, fields, groves, the wild, the mountain wilds, animals, rustic music, fertility, sexual plunge, shepherds and flocks.[1]

In Mythology

Pan is the son of Hermes and Dryope the nymph.[2]

He is described as being goat-legged and goat-horned. Some myths state that when he was born, he was so ugly that his muse dropped him and ran away screaming. Pan is also credited with inventing "panic" and the shepherd pipes. Here are the stories:

  1. Panic. One day while Pan was sleeping in a cave, he heard a group of people walking by loudly. This annoyed him so much, that Pan let out a bloodcurdling scream that extremely frightened the travelers. Pan called this Panic.
  2. Shepherds pipes, or syrinx. Pan had fallen in love with a tree nymph named Syrinx (a daughter of a river god as well). Syrinx unfortunately did not love Pan back. In fact, Syrinx despised him. Pan would often chase her everywhere. Finally, Syrinx couldn't stand it any longer. She was standing besides her father's river one day when Pan came after her. Syrinx cried out to her father, who then turned her into a patch of reeds. Pan was saddened by this loss, so he cut some of the reeds and made a pipe out of them. That is why that pipe is also known as a Syrinx.


See Also

External Links


  1. (Hamilton 1998, p. 44)
  2. (Hamilton 1998, p. 44)


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