|Title(s)||Goddess of Spring, growth, flowers and vegetation|
|Parents||Zeus and Demeter|
|Children||Melinoe, Zagreus, Macaria|
Persephone as a vegetation goddess and her mother Demeter were the central figures of the Eleusinian mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon and promised the initiated a more enjoyable prospect after death. In one telling of the story. In the oral tellings of the story, rather than the Orphic written sources, the Chthonic gods Zagreus and Melinoe are said to have been concieved by Hades and Persephone when they mated in the form of snakes.
The origins of her cult are uncertain, but it was based on very old agrarian cults of agricultural communities.
Persephone was commonly worshipped along with Demeter and with the same mysteries. To her alone were dedicated the mysteries celebrated at Athens in the month of Anthesterion. In Classical Greek art, Persephone is invariably portrayed robed, often carrying a sheaf of grain. She may appear as a mystical divinity with a sceptre and a little box, but she was mostly represented in the process of being carried off by Hades.
In Roman mythology, she is called Proserpina, and her mother, Ceres.
|Classical Olympians||Aphrodite • Apollo • Ares • Artemis • Athena • Demeter • Dionysus • Hephaestus • Hera • Hermes • Poseidon • Zeus|
|Other deities||Asclepius • Eros • Hades • Hebe • Heracles • Hestia • Pan • Persephone|
|Roman mythology articles|
|Deities||Apollo • Bacchus • Diana • Ceres • Cupid • Faunus • Fortuna • Juno • Jupiter • Lares • Mars • Mercury • Minerva • Neptune • Pluto • Proserpina • Quirinus • Vejovis • Venus • Vestia • Vulcan|
|Groups||Demigod • God • Titans|
|Creatures and monsters|
- ↑ Bell, Malcolm (1981). Morgantina Studies, Volume I: The Terracottas. pp. 89, 90, 106, 107, 254.