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Salmoneus was the son of Aeolus and Enarete in Greek mythology. As such, he was the brother of Sisyphus, Athamas, Cretheus, Athamas, Arne, Cephalus and Alcyone. His daughter by Alcidice was Tyro. Through Tyro's marriage to her uncle Cretheus, Salmoneus was the grandfather of Amythaon, Pheres and Aeson (and thus ancestor of Melampus and Jason). Through Tyro's affair with Poseidon, Salmoneus was the grandfather of Neleus and Pelias (and thus grandfather of Nestor).

In MythEdit

Sisyphus and TyroEdit

Salmoneus and Sisyphus were rivals. Sisyphus was told by an oracle that, if he married Tyro, she would bear a child that would kill Salmoneus. At first, Tyro married Sisyphus and bore his son but, after hearing what the child would do, she killed it.

Salmoneus' HubrisEdit

Salmoneus ordered his subjects to worship him. He did this by pretending to be Zeus; he built a bridge of brass, over which he drove at full speed in his chariot to imitate thunder, the effect being heightened by dried skins and cauldrons trailing behind while torches were thrown into the air to represent lightning. For his excessive pride, he was struck down by Zeus. and confined to Tartarus (as his the death-defying Sisyphus would also be).

FamilyEdit

Salmonid Genealogy in Greek mythology
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aeolids
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sisyphids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Athamanides
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alcidice
 
Salmoneus
 
 
Cretheus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amythaon
 
Idomene
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Poseidon
 
Tyro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cretheids
 
 
 
 
 
 
Periclymene
 
Pheres
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Neleus
 
Chloris
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nestor
 
Eurydice
 
Pero
 
Bias
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pelias
 
Anaxibia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Admetus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acastus
 
Alcestis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thrasymedes
 
Aretus
 
Antilochus
 
Castalia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paeon
 
Cymothoe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Melanthus

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