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General Info
Title(s) Goddess of wisdom
Sanskrit सरस्वती
Consort Brahma
Mount Swan

In Hinduism, Saraswati (Devanagari: सरस्वती, Bengali: সরস্বতী) is the goddess of wisdom, knowledge, music, art and expression. She is the consort of Brahma, and part of the Tridevi, along with Lakshmi and Parvati. The goddess is also revered by the Jains of west and central India.


Saraswati is the assimilation of the Sanskrit words सरस (saras) "water, lake" and वती (vati) "owning, possessing". The word is derived from Proto-Indo-European *sáras-vat-ī, meaning "marshy".


Sarswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in white, seated on a white lotus or swan. She is frequently associated with white, which symbolizes purity. Occasionally, she is also associated with the yellow mustard plant that blooms in spring.

Saraswati generally is depicted with four arms, which represent the four aspects of human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness, and ego. In her arms, she is shown carrying a veena, Hindu prayer beads (mālā), the four Vedas, and a pot of holy water. Compared to Lakshmi, who is nearly always depicted with extravagant jewelry and clothes, Saraswati is shown clad in simple jewels and gold.

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