solar deity (or sun god or goddess) is a sky deity who either represents or is associated with the sun, or an aspect of it, usually because of it's perceived power and strength. They are also usually considered ancestors of the ruling family.
The primary solar deity of Egyptian mythology is
Ra . However, Horakhty and his wife Amentet, are gods of the rising sun.
In Greek mythology,
Helios has the title of sun god. However Apollo is also considered a god of the sun. Eos, sister of Helios, is goddess of the Dawn.
In Norse mythology,
Dagr is the god of the day. However Sol is the goddess of the sun.
In Hindu mythology,
Surya is god of the sun and it's power. However, the Adityas , the seven solar deities, are lesser gods of the sun. The Suryawanshi dynasty claimed descendancy from him.
In Aztec mythology,
Huitzilopochtli is considered god of the sun, as well as god of war and sacrifice. Tonatiuh is considered og of the movements of the sun.
In Incan mythology,
Inti is the supreme sun god, and is ancestor of the Inca emperors and all humans. He is son of Viracocha , god of creation, and is patron of the Inca Empire.
In Japanese myth,
Amaterasu is the sun goddess and ancestress of the Emperors of Japan. She famously hid in a cave and had to be enticed outside by her fellow immortals.
In Mesopotamian mythologies, such as those of Assyria, Sumeria and Babylon,
Shamash is the solar deity. However, the god of the underworld, Nergal, is also considered a solar deity.
Gallery of Solar deities
Amentet and Horakhty are enthroned and surrounded by Horus and Hathor
Helios in his sun chariot
Eos, sister of Helios, goddess of the dawn
Apollo, god of the sun, among many other things
Sol and Mani, her brother and god of the moon.
Hutizilopochtli, the sun god of Aztec myth
Inti, on the flag of Argentina
Amaterasu appears from the cave
Shamash, right, hands over the laws of Babylon to King Hammurabi