Surya was first married to Saranyu, who represented the dawn. Later, unable to bear the extreme radiance of her husband, she created a shadow of herself and left. Surya then consorted with the shadow, Chhaya.
By Chhaya, Surya is father of Shani , the planet Saturn.
Surya is often depicted with four arms and riding in a horse-drawn chariot. His four arms hold a conch shell, a chakra and a lotus flower. His chariot either has seven horses, or one horse with seven heads. They represent the colours of the rainbow.
|Gods and Goddessess of Hindu Mythology|
|Trimurti||Creation: Brahma • Destruction: Shiva • Preservation: Vishnu|
|Tridevi||Wisdom: Saraswati • Motherhood: Parvati • Prosperity: Lakshmi|
|Main Devas||King: Indra • Sun: Surya • Moon: Chandra • Fire: Agni • Wind: Vayu • Ocean: Varuna • Sky: Dyaus • War: Murugan • Wealth: Kubera • Love: Kama • Death: Yama • Rain: Parjanya • Remover of Obstacles: Ganesh|
|Other Devas||Recorder of Fate: Chitragupta • Counsellor to Gods: Brihaspati • Architect of the Universe: Vishvakarman|
|Navagrahas||Sun: Surya • Moon: Chandra • Mercury: Budha • Venus: Shani • Mars: Mangala • Jupiter: Brihaspati • Saturn: Shukra|
|Main Devis||Earth/Nature: Prithvi • Love: Ratri • Dawn: Ushas • Night: Rati|
|Other Devis||Mother of the Gods: Aditi • Dusk: Saranyu • Death: Yami • Beauty: Sachi • River Ganges: Ganga|