General Info
Title(s) God of Combat
Abode Asgard
Parents Odin or Hymir
Sibling(s) Thor, Baldr, Höðr, Víðarr, Váli, Hermóðr, Bragi

Týr, also known as Tiwaz , Tiw or Ziu, is one of the major deities and the god of combat and heroic glory in Norse mythology, portrayed as a one-handed man. His Greco-Roman equivalent is Ares/Mars.

Origins and Etymology

Tyr (2)

The name Tyr originally meant "god" (cf. Hangatyr, the "god who hung" (referring to when Odin hung in a tree for nine days) as one of Odin's names; probably inherited from Tyr in his role as judge (compare with the Irish "Midir", the judge par excellence) and goes back to a Proto-Germanic Tîwaz, earlier Teiwaz, continuing Proto-Indo-European language *deywos "god", a word related to but distinct from the name of the sky-god Dyeus (in lith. both Dyeus and Deywos has the same meaning Dievas or goddess).

180px-John Bauer-Tyr and Fenrir

Tyr sacrifices his arm to Fenrir

It should be noted however, that direct reference between Tyr/Teiw and "leader of the Gods" may be debatable. While the Proto-Indo-European origins of the term is common wisdom, "Dyaus", "Deywos" and "Devas" have always been used in a generic way to refer to the gods. "Dyaus-pater" which literally means the "father of Gods" later transformed through common uses in ancient Greece and Rome into "Zeus-pater" and then to "Jupiter" have been applied to Zeus/Jupiter and to Woden/Odin (Nordic). It is theorised Tyr was originally leader of the Norse/Germanic pantheon before being overtaken in popularity by Odin.

There is sketchy evidence of a consort, in German named Zisa: Tacitus mentions one Germanic tribe who worshipped "Isis", and Jacob Grimm pointed to Cisa/Zisa, the patroness of Augsburg, in this connection. The name Zisa would be derived from Ziu etymologically, in agreement with other consorts to the chief god in Indo-European pantheons, e. g. Zeus and Dione.

In Mythology

220px-IB 299 4to Tyr

Tyr as the Roman Mars

According to the Edda, at one stage the gods decided to shackle the wolf Fenrir, but the beast broke every chain they put upon him. Eventually they had the dwarves make them a magical ribbon called Gleipnir from such items as a woman's beard and a mountain's roots. But Fenrir sensed the gods' deceit and refused to be bound with it unless one of them put his hand in the wolf's mouth. Týr, known for his great courage, agreed, and the other gods bound the wolf. Fenrir sensed that he had been tricked and bit off the god's hand. Fenrir will remain bound until the day of Ragnarök.

As a result of this deed, Týr is called the "Leavings of the Wolf". According to the Prose version of Ragnarök, Týr is destined to kill and be killed by Garm, the guard dog of the realm of Hel. However, in the two poetic versions of Ragnarök, he goes unmentioned; unless one believes that he is the "Mighty One".

In the Lokasenna he is taunted with cuckoldry by Loki.

Tyr rune

180px-Tiwaz rune

Tiwaz rune

The Tiwaz-rune is named after Týr, and was identified with this god, the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name is Tîwaz (lith. Tevas - father, Dievas or Deivas - god). The rune is sometimes also referred to as Teiwaz, or spelling variants.

Modern Popular Culture

Although representations of Týr are less common than those of Thor, Odin or Loki, Týr is often referenced or appears as a warrior figure in many modern depictions, particularly those relating to high fantasy, usually most identifiable by his missing arm and lust for battle.

Tyr in Marvel Comics

Tyr 001


In the Marvel Multiverse, the character of Týr is mostly the same as how he is portrayed in Norse Mythology, aside from the fact the wrong hand is missing. In fact most of the Asgardian characters are very close to the Norse Mythology they are based on.


There is a metal band called Týr


Today several people carry a name based on the name of the old god. Such as Valtýr, Angantýr, Hjálmtýr etc. The English word Tuesday, and its other Scandinavian/Germanic equivalents are directly descended from Tyr/Teiwaz


Æsir Genealogy in Norse mythology Names in Bold are Giants/Giantesses Names in Italics are Vanir Rindr was a human princess
With Jörð
With Gríðr
With Unknown mothers
With Rindr

See Also


Norse mythology articles
Major Deities Odin | Thor | Freyr | Freyja | Frigg | Loki | Baldr | Týr | Njörðr
Races Æsir | Vanir | Jötunn | Elves | Dwarves | Valkyries | Einherjar | Norns
Realms Álfheimr | Asgard | Jötunheimr | Midgard | Muspelheim | Niðavellir | Niflheim | Svartálfaheim | Vanaheimr
Abodes Breidablik | Fólkvangr | Þrúðheimr | Utgard | Valhalla
Topics Æsir-Vanir War | Ginnungagap | Poetic Edda | Prose Edda | Ragnarök | The Sagas | Yggdrasil

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